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Econometrics


Econometrics may be defined generally as the "application of mathematics and statistical methods to the analysis of economic data." Theoretical econometrics considers questions about the statistical properties of estimators in an economic model. Those properties may permit testing an economic hypothesis as to its acceptance or rejection on the basis of statistical inferences from the available data set.

 
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Tight Coupling Ufmarcgis for Simulating Inundation Depth in Densel...

By: S. H. Kang

Description: Dept. of Civil Engineering, Kangwon National University, Samcheok, Republic of Korea. The integration of hydrological models and Geographical Information Systems (GIS) usually takes two approaches: loose coupling and tight coupling. This paper presents a tight coupling approach within a GIS environment that is achieved by integrating the urban flood model with the macro language of GIS. Such an approach affords an uncomplicated way to capitalize on the G...

Iwasa, Y., Inoue, K., and Mizutory, M.: Hydraulic analysis of overland flood flows by means of numerical method, Annuals of DPRI, Kyoto Univ., 23B, 305–317, 1980.; Abbott, M. B. and Minns, A. W.: Computational hydraulics, Hampshire, Ashgate press, 1998.; Barrera, A., Llasat, M. C., and Barriendos, M.: Estimation of extreme flash flood evolution in Barcelona County from 1351 to 2005, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 6, 505–518, doi:10.5194/nhess-6-505-2006, 2006.; Bishop, I...

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Mid-Session Review

By: Government Printing Office

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: Last year, after five consecutive years of declining deficits, the Federal budget was brought into balance. In fiscal year 1998, an unprecedented sixth consecutive year of improved fiscal results, the Federal Government produced its first budget surplus in 29 years. Fiscal year 1999 will mark the seventh consecutive year of improved fiscal balance the longest such series in history with an even larger surplus than in 1998. These will be the first back-to-back su...

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Public Health Publication : World Health Organization ; (Php) Publ...

By: P. J. Lawther

Medical Reference Publication

PREFACE Although air pollution, in one form or another, affects many parts of the world, it is of special signijicance in Europe, where large populations are subjected to the health hazards and the economic losses with which this social evil is associated. Europe is also in a key position with regard to research on this subject, for many countries in this region are investigating the problem and some important advances have been made. In November 1957, the WHO Regional O...

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World Health Organization : Organisation Mondiale de la Sante ; Ye...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

The WHO Regional Seminar on Drug Policies and Management was inaugurated by the Minister of Health of Sri tanka, the Honourable Eamani Jayasuriya, who stressed the importance of drug policies and management in the context of overall health policies and progranrmes. He also emphasized the importance of regional cooperation and transfer of infomation in t h i s important f i e l d of health care and management. A message from the Regional Director of WHOfSEARO, D r V.T.H. ...

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World Health Organization : Technical Report Series, No. 397: Intr...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

1. INTRODUCTION 1. X Extent of present usage Since the previous Scientific Group meeting on this subject, intrauterine devices (IUDs) have been used for contraception by millions of women in all regions of the world. An estimate of the extent to which their use has spread in the past two years is given in Table 1. The countries listed in the table provide contraceptive services through their national health services and maintain records of their experience with IUDs unde...

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Case Study Short Questionnaire

By: Environmental Protection Agency

Excerpt: EPA estimates that completion of the entire Case Study Short Questionnaire will require an average of 10 hours per facility. This estimate includes time for reading the instructions and reviewing the information necessary to respond to the questionnaire form. Any comments regarding EPA’s need for the information, the accuracy of the provided burden estimate, and suggested methods for reducing respondent burden (including the use of automated collection technique...

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Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 1957; Volume 17, Numbe...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

The WHO Regional Office for Europe, in collaboration with the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany, convened a Working Group on the Economic Aspects of Communicable Diseases, in Trier from 21 to 23 September 1981. The meeting was attended by 20 temporary advisers from 11 countries and 2 members of staff of the Regional Office. The meeting was opened by Dr B. Velimirovic, Regional Officer for Communicable Diseases, on behalf of the Regional Director. Dr G. Kothma...

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Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 1981; Volume 59, Numbe...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

The Regional Office for Europe of the World Health Organization, in collaboration with the Government of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, convened the Fourth European Conference on Health Statistics in Luxembourg from 28 to 31 August 1979. Previous conferences on health statistics have been held in Copenhagen (1962), Budapest (1965) and Turin (1971). At the last conference the main topics discussed included the development of national health information systems and health ...

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World Health Organization : Year 1997 ; World Health Organization ...

By: L. G. Petersson

Medical Reference Publication

This document reviews the development of fluoride varnishes; then compares the two types of varnishes availablc in tcrms of characteristics, viscosity. fluoride content. and solveiits . A general overview of assessment of fluoride [ireventive nieasures for conimunity use is givçn . Tlie varnislies are cornparcd with respect to fluoride dose and plasma concentrations . /~lirt>rprori.crogr iviiig vety low peaks. siniilar to thosc produced by fluoride toothpastcs. cornparcd...

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World Health Organization ; World Health Organization Offeset Publ...

By: R. G. Schamschula

Medical Reference Publication

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND The general concept t h a t dental c a r i e s is a disease of c i v i l i z a t i o n can serve as a broad guide to the d i s t r i b u t i o n of c a r i e s around the globe and a constant reminder t h a t refined foods are i n e x t r i c a b l y r e l a t e d t o high l e v e l s of the disease. However, there is a tendency t o ignore t h e o f t e n considerable v a r i a t i o n s i n the c a r i e s experience of closely asso...

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Minutes and Report of Committee Recommendations: 2001

By: U.S. Census Bureau Department

Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt: Introductory Remarks Mr. Thompson (U.S. Census Bureau) reported that the Data Access and Dissemination Systems (DADS) program was realigned from the Decennial Systems and Contract Management Office to the Office of the Assistant Director for Marketing and Customer Liaison. Mr. Thompson announced that the second terms of several members of the Advisory Committee of Professional Associations had ended and that these representatives had left the Committee? ! Ms. Ka...

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Census Confidentiality and Privacy : 1790-2002

By: U.S. Census Bureau Department

Statistical Reference Document

Introduction: If the framers of the U.S. Constitution thought that the census might be viewed as an intrusion on personal privacy or foresaw any need to keep census data confidential, their misgivings were not evident when they approved Article 1, section 2, providing for a decennial census. Confidentiality and privacy may not have been an issue then since the first enumeration in 1790 collected minimal information and only produced statistics needed by the Federal Gover...

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World Health Organization : Year 1990, World Health Organization, ...

By: Betty R. Kirkwood

Medical Reference Publication

1. INTRODUCTION Diarrhoea1 and acute respiratory diseases are both major causes of morbidityand mortality among children in developing countries. Each is responsible for several million child deaths annually (UNICEF, 1990). In addition, they are epidemiologically similar in a number of ways. Young children may suffer from repeated episodes of diarrhoea and from repeated respiratory infections. Both are clinical manifestations of infections due to a range of pathogens rat...

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World Health Organization : Year 1990, World Health Organization, ...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

INTRODUCTION 1.. Monitoring and evaluation, being integral parts of any managerial process, are continuous act::lvities. Rcportine on monitoring at national level is periodic, and in Inour c'aes arinuol. By resolution UHA 31r.36 (1981), countries have also decided to report to WHO o r ) monitoring the progress and evaluating the effectiveness of Cheir national strntcgles at regular intervals. This distinction between evaluation at national level as a matlaEelnent process...

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World Health Organization : Year 1993 ; World Health Organization,...

By: Sunity Acharya

Medical Reference Publication

Introduction The resources needed to finance the implementation of health sector policies are generated from the public sector through budgetary allocations and from the private sector through direct payments by households and various financing schemes. The resources that can be obtained from the public sector are constrained, however, by the availability of public sector resources, which in turn is influenced by macroeconomic policies. The resources that can be mobilize...

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World Health Organization : Year 2002 ; The Special Programme for ...

By: Sukhan Jackson

Medical Reference Publication

Government finance for Chinese healthcare declined during the 1990s. This coincided with the entry of Henan Province (90 million population) into the consolidation phase of malaria control in 1993, after a splendid effort over the previous 25 years that reduced transmission by 99%. Government support stopped for insecticide spraying and impregnated bednets, but vivax malaria persisted in the south. Knowledge of the economics of malaria control in Henan was lacking and th...

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World Health Organization ; World Health Organization Offeset Publ...

By: P. H. Hughes

Medical Reference Publication

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This is one of a series of reports on the work of WHO on the epidemiology of drug dependence. Other reports in this series described practical methodologies for student surveys ( I ) , general population surveys (2). drug-abuse reporting systems (3), core data for epidemiological studies (4), and drug use among non-student youth (5). Many'individuals contributed in various ways to this effort: A. Anumonye, Lagos; R. E. Cutter, Vancouver.; G. Edwards, Lon...

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Watershed Case Study Short Questionnaire

By: Environmental Protection Agency

Excerpt: EPA estimates that completion of the entire 1999 Watershed Case Study Short Questionnaire will require an average of 10 hours per facility. This estimate includes time for reading the instructions and reviewing the information necessary to respond to the questionnaire form. Any comments regarding EPA’s need for the information, the accuracy of the provided burden estimate, and suggested methods for reducing respondent burden (including the use of automated colle...

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Technical Support Document : Printed on Recycled Paper Analysis of...

By: Environmental Protection Agency

Excerpt: CARB provided a more detailed analysis in a submittal to EPA dated July 9, 1999. (Filed in docket A-2000-10, document number II.D.-2; also available at http://www.arb.ca.gov/cbg/Oxy/wav/070999.pdf ) . CARB attempted to demonstrate that an additional 1.5 percent reduction in NOx reductions could be achieved with zero oxygen in California’s gasoline. CARB also claimed that it would be impossible to achieve the same level of additional NOx reduction with the 2.0 we...

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Lead Exposure Associated with Renovation and Remodeling Activities...

By: Environmental Protection Agency

Excerpt: This study was funded and managed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. The study was conducted collaboratively by two organizations under contract to the Environmental Protection Agency, Battelle, and Midwest Research Institute. Each organization's responsibilities are listed below. Battelle Battelle was responsible for designing the study, recruiting participants, collecting worker questionnaire data and blood samples, creating and maintaining data base...

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